Universal Testing Machine
Universal Testing Machine is used to test for mechanical properties of materials. It can test a variety of ways with a single test. Can be tested with a variety of materials such as metal, rubber, ceramics, polymers in food (the sample to be tested. Must be compatible with the standard).
Tensile testing, also known as tension testing, is a fundamental materials science test in which a sample is subjected to uniaxial tension until failure. The results from the test are commonly used to select a material for an application, for quality control, and to predict how a material will react under other types of forces. Properties that are directly measured via a tensile test are ultimate tensile strength, maximum elongation and reduction in area. From these measurements the following properties can also be determined: Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, yield strength, and strain-hardening characteristics.
A tensile specimen is a standardized sample cross-section. It has two shoulders and a gauge (section) in between. The shoulders are large so they can be readily gripped, whereas the gauge section has a smaller cross-section so that the deformation and failure can occur in this are
The shoulders of the test specimen can be manufactured in various ways to mate to various grips in the testing machine. Each system has advantages and disadvantages; for example, shoulders designed for serrated grips are easy and cheap to manufacture, but the alignment of the specimen is dependent on the skill of the technician. On the other hand, a pinned grip assures good alignment. Threaded shoulders and grips also assure good alignment, but the technician must know to thread each shoulder into the grip at least one diameter's length, otherwise the threads can strip before the specimen fractures
In large castings and forgings it is common to add extra material, which is designed to be removed from the casting so that test specimens can be made from it. These specimen not be exact representation of the whole work piece because the grain structure may be different throughout. In smaller work pieces or when critical parts of the casting must be tested, a work piece may be sacrificed to make the test specimens. For work pieces that are machined from bar stock, the test specimen can be made from the same piece as the bar stock.
Material testing machines can analysis the whole testing result including elongation, stress, strain, break value and average value. It can also fit to different specimen shape or be required to destroy the specimen and record the entire testing process and analysis the physical features of the specimen like tension force, bending strength, wear-resisting, impact, torque force, abrasion, fatigue, hardness, peeling force, viscosity...etc. We also supply the specimen maker equipment like pneumatic specimen press, hardness specimen cutting device, electrical forming machine. These equipment can make the standard specimen to get precise result during test.